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Grade 3

English Language Arts

Students in third grade apply the foundational skills learned earlier automatically and flexibly to decode and comprehend fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama. They use critical thinking skills which they apply strategically across the disciplines to comprehend and clarify information and ideas. They compose fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama for a variety of purposes and audiences. Third graders become increasingly independent and flexible in their use of communication skills and strategies.

The learner will: read with fluency and comprehension fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama, apply strategies flexibly and strategically for recognizing words, learning new words, and constructing meaning from text(s), expand vocabulary through wide reading, word study, and discussion, write for a variety of audiences and purposes using appropriate formats, use active listening and effective oral communication, use media, a variety of information sources, and technological resources as tools for learning, apply grammar and language conventions to access and communicate information and ideas, reflect upon and make connections among language, texts, and personal experience, apply comprehension strategies and skills to a wide variety of genres.


Students will cover the following topics: Number sense 0 – 9,999; multiplication and division; non-negative rational numbers; capacity and mass; symmetry and congruence; coordinate grids; line plots, tallies, pictographs; addition and subtraction of multi-digit numbers; length and time; circle graphs; Venn diagrams; permutations and combinations; growing patterns; variables. Students will solve relevant and authentic problems using appropriate technology and apply these concepts as well as those developed in earlier years


The focus for third grade students is on identifying systems and patterns in systems. Systems are units of investigations. Students learn to identify portions of a system to facilitate investigations. Systems have boundaries, components, resources, flow and feedback.

Students will cover the following topics: plant growth and adaptations, soil properties, Earth/moon/Sun system, the form and function of the skeletal and muscle systems of the human body.

Social Studies

The third grade study is designed to expand the students’ concept of “leaders” in relationship to their communities. Students study people of diverse groups, their cultures, religions, traditions, and contributions to the community. Students compare aspects of familiar communities with those of other cultures and other times. They are introduced to problems that “leaders” and communities confront and how conflicts are resolved. Third graders discover how literature is integrated in the social studies discipline by reading about local, state, national, and global leaders (fictional and non fictional). They investigate the contributions that these individuals have made to society. Students make connections between deeds leaders perform and the character traits each hero possess such as courage, self- discipline, perseverance, integrity, respect, responsibility, kindness, and good judgment.


Students will cover the following topics: awareness of Copyright Law, responsible and safe use of resources, exploring information technologies, building word processing techniques, using multimedia tools and exploring spreadsheets.

Healthful Living

Students will cover the following topics: coping with loss and grief, communicable and non-communicable diseases, injury prevention, nutrition labels, differentiating between portions and servings, dangers of tobacco and other drugs, catching, throwing, striking, dancing, and basic tumbling, creating movement sequences and develop understanding of the components of fitness and healthy living.


Students will cover the following topics: research and personal interests, demonstrating ease in using a variety of media, use of space and balance in art, fables and myths, measurement, calligraphy, plants and differentiating between landscape, portrait and still life.


Students will cover the following topics: demonstrating appropriate expressive and technical vocal and instrumental practices, demonstrating increased pitch and rhythmic accuracy, reading and notating rhythmic and melodic patterns, identifying traditional symbols and terms and using appropriate terminology, developing skills in improvising, composing, and arranging music, developing listening, analyzing, and evaluating skills, developing understanding of music in relation to history, culture, and other content areas and showing respect for the efforts of others.

Foreign Language

The Grade 3 program is sequential leading to the development of communicative proficiency in one language other than English. It can be a beginning program which lays the foundation for further language study in upcoming grades or a continuing program which strengthens and extends concepts and skills introduced during the previous year(s) of language study. The stated objectives can be applied for both beginning and continuing programs. However, frequency and quality of instruction will impact on the students’ ability to meet the stated objectives. Modifications may need to be made for programs meeting minimal periods of time.

The emphasis at this grade level is on: oral language development with a focus on listening and speaking skills; pre-reading/writing activities through oral language; awareness of other cultures; comparison of language and culture to the students’ own language and culture; connections to the third grade curriculum; awareness of the importance of learning another language and culture.

Concrete activities involve students in oral language development within a social setting and include interaction with their teacher and their peers in a variety of groupings. Students communicate through basic words and short memorized phrases within a context and may begin to combine words and phrases to exchange information about everyday topics.